Last modified

May 30, 2022 @ 12:04 PM

Ever since Edward Jenner developed the first vaccine for smallpox, scientists have been working on ways to boost immunity to other diseases. Although Jenner’s breakthrough came in 1796, it took almost two centuries before smallpox was eradicated. It remains the only human disease to have been fully wiped out by vaccination but the prevalence of many other illnesses has been dramatically reduced following immunisation programmes.


Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by consuming the bacterium Vibrio cholera which can be present in contaminated food or water.… Read more

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COVID-19 (coronavirus disease) is an infectious illness caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It was identified in late 2019. The disease spread rapidly around the world and was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organisation in March 2020.Most people infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 experience mild to moderate respiratory symptoms. The most… Read more

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Dengue fever

Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne viral disease and in recent years has become a major international public health concern, according to the WHO.… Read more

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Diphtheria is an infectious disease affecting the nose, throat and sometimes the skin. It is caused by a bacterium which is spread by coughing and sneezing.… Read more

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Influenza is caused by a viral infection which mainly affects the nose, throat, bronchi and, in some cases the lungs.… Read more

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Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung, most commonly caused by infection, which causes the microscopic air sacs to fill up with fluid impairing the supply of oxygen to the body’s tissues.… Read more

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Poliomyelitis is a contagious viral illness that in its most severe form can cause paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death.… Read more

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Rabies is a ‘zoonotic’ disease meaning it is caused by a virus which can be passed from animals to humans.… Read more

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Rubella is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash. You may also have heard rubella referred to as ‘German measles’ or ‘three-day measles’.… Read more

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Shingles is a painful skin rash caused by a virus. The rash usually appears in a band or patch on one side of the face or body.… Read more

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Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that affects the nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of the jaw and neck muscles.… Read more

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Tick-Borne Encephalitis (TBE)

Tick-Borne Encephalitis (TBE) is a viral disease transmitted primarily by tick bites, but also by consumption of non-pasteurised milk and milk products from infected animals (especially goats).… Read more

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