Why do some vaccinated kids still get sick?

Editorial Board

Editorial Board

June 18th, 2015

Editorial Board
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‘This is a question we come across a lot. The short answer is that no vaccine is 100% effective.’

Immunity is not like flicking a light switch; there is no simple on/off button. Sometimes an individual’s immune system just doesn’t respond to the vaccine. Or perhaps the vaccine has lost potency because it is out of date or has not been stored correctly. In the real world, these things can happen. And mild disease can occur despite successful vaccination.

But these are not reasons to skip vaccination. In fact, it makes it even more important that everyone – unless you are too young or too sick – is vaccinated.

The Robert Koch Institute offers the following example to illustrate this point:

Imagine a measles epidemic occurs in a primary school. Half of the children are immunised, the other half not. Statistically, one can expect about 97 or 98 percent of the unprotected pupils to get sick – but only two to three percent of the vaccinated pupils.

Vaccines can also help reduce the severity of disease. This means that even if you catch an infectious illness you are less likely to suffer serious complications.

‘But I heard that more vaccinated people got sick during an epidemic in my city.’

This can happen. When it does, it causes serious confusion until you look more closely.

vaccines

The History of Vaccines project at the University of Philadelphia explains this neatly:

“During an outbreak, the number of vaccinated individuals who get sick will often outnumber the unvaccinated people who get sick. This, however, is not because vaccines are ineffective, but because there are so few people who avoid vaccination in the first place. Look at the numbers for a hypothetical outbreak:

You have a group of 500 people who have been exposed to an outbreak of a rare disease. Of those 500 people, 490 have been vaccinated; 10 have not. Different vaccines provide different rates of protection, but in this case, let’s assume that 98 of every 100 people who are vaccinated will successfully develop immunity against the disease.

When exposed to the outbreak, all 10 of the unvaccinated individuals get the disease. What about the 490 who were vaccinated?

Based on the assumption of 98 of every 100 people developing successful immunity (leaving two of the 100 unprotected), about 10 of the 490 vaccinated individuals will get the disease—the same as the number of unvaccinated individuals who came down with the disease.

Those numbers, however, don’t take into account the percentage of vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals who got sick. Of those who fell ill, 10 had been vaccinated and 10 had not. But the 10 who had been vaccinated are only (10 / 490) = 2% of the individuals who had been vaccinated in the population of 500. The 10 who hadn’t been vaccinated are (10 / 10) = 100% of those who weren’t vaccinated. The final results of the outbreak, therefore, look like this:

  • Population size: 500
  • Vaccinated individuals: 490
  • Unvaccinated individuals: 10
  • Percentage of vaccinated individuals who fell ill: 2%
  • Percentage of unvaccinated individuals who fell ill: 100%”

So the risk of contracting the disease is many times higher in the unvaccinated group.

Comments

  1. Kiwi

    Kiwi

    April 10th, 2019

    Personally I think it has to do with the person, and not that if you get sick with something and overcome it your immune system gets better. Some people are more sickly than others even if they haven’t been vaccinated yet. Anyway I respect your opinion I think it’s interesting

    • Pogi

      Pogi

      April 14th, 2019

      Idiot that’s not an opinion. It’s a fact. Please stop destroying humanity, anti-vaxxers. Numbers don’t lie and statistics will tell you that vaccines ‘ benefits truly do far outweigh the risks

  2. John

    John

    June 10th, 2019

    We are to assume that 100 percent of the unvaccinated fell ill, don’t think so, calling someone names to their face means more than typing it out you brave person you.

    • Gary Finnegan

      Gary Finnegan

      June 14th, 2019

      No, thankfully that’s not what happens.

      Separately, according to our Guiding Principles, comments should be based on facts and should not contain personal insults.

      Please keep this conversation rational and respectful.
      https://www.vaccinestoday.eu/guiding-principles/

    • Suzy

      Suzy

      June 19th, 2019

      If someone doesn’t want to vaccinate their kids that is their right! Just because you are not vaccinated doesn’t mean you will definitely get sick since unvaccinated children are usually healthier. Everyone needs to stop picking on antivaxxers since if your kid is vaccinated they only have a 2% chance of getting sick!

  3. EyesOpen

    EyesOpen

    September 13th, 2019

    I’m 32 and I’ve had 0 vaccines. I’m never sick. Never. I compete in triathlons and am healthier and look way younger than anyone I know. Never had ear infections as a kid, never had that cough, never had the ailments most kids had.
    Do I believe in vaccines, sure.
    Will I vaccinate my kid, probably yes.
    Do I think people need to stop glorifying vaccines and thinking they are the messiah of medicines and not flawed, yes.
    No one questions vaccines, they have this over simplified view on them: introduce a disease into the body and let the immune system fight it out so it creates a memory of way to do if that same disease is introduced again.
    News flash, our immune systems are not that simple.
    Let’s scrutinize them a little bit more. Let’s do comprehensive unbiased studies on adult child vaccinated vs adult children who haven’t been. I’m talking super in depth studies because they don’t exist.
    I’m not against vaccines, I’m just tired of this polarization: either you think vaccines are murderous or you think they save the world with no consequences. How did we get this way?

    Doctors are not scientists. Keep that in mind.

    • Jessica

      Jessica

      October 31st, 2019

      Great answer!🙏

  4. TERESA MARIE TRUESDELL

    TERESA MARIE TRUESDELL

    October 2nd, 2019

    My child is 13 and has had all her vaccines and she is always sick. She now has Whooping Cough

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